In Focus: Human Trafficking

There is no single profile of a trafficking victim. Regardless of race, national origin, religion, age, gender, education level, or citizenship status, victims of human trafficking can be anyone.

Just as there is no one type of trafficking victim, perpetrators of this crime also vary. Traffickers can be foreign nationals or U.S. citizens, family members, partners, acquaintances, and even strangers.

In 2020, the Office for Victims of Crime supported the development of the Human Trafficking Outreach Toolkit, which provides resources related to trauma-informed outreach and methods to increase outreach effectiveness and inclusivity.

Additionally, through the funding of rigorous research, the National Institute of Justice is working to advance the understanding of the nature and extent of human trafficking; how to improve the detection, investigation, and prosecution of traffickers; and how to address the needs of victims and provide needed services.

See the Human Trafficking Special Feature to access additional information as well as topical resources from OJP and other federal agencies.

View the Special Feature: Human Trafficking | Overview | Office of Justice Programs (


Human Trafficking Capacity Building Center The Center assists organizations and tribes with: building their capacity to aid all trafficking victims, navigating the broad range of resources available to support their missions, and strengthening human trafficking service networks. Office for Victims of Crime (OVC): Human Trafficking The Human Trafficking section of the OVC website captures news and information about OVC efforts, access to resources, information about funded services, and more.

This message has been shared on behalf of the National Criminal Justice Reference Service • Office of Justice Programs by the Tribal Law and Policy Institute.

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This website was initially funded and developed as part of  Grant No. 2013-TA-AX-K025 from the U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women. Neither the U.S. Department of Justice or any of its components operate, control, are responsible for, or necessarily endorse, this website (including, without limitations, its content, technical infrastructure, policies, and any services or tools provided.) Please Note: The grant period for this project ended in September, 2016.

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